In today’s article, Internet Protocol kya hai will be known in Hindi. Friends, everything has some or the other rule. In the same way, some rules have been made to route the data properly on the Internet. Which we know by the name of Internet Protocol.
Today we will know what is Internet Protocol, what are its types and how does Internet Protocol work.
When we write a letter to someone, etc., in the recipient, we have to enter the address of that person exactly right. If there was any kind of error in the address, then that letter does not reach that person, in the same way Internet protocol is used to transmit data from one computer to another.
What is Internet Protocol in Hindi? what is internet protocol
In other words
Internet Protocol (IP) is the principal communication protocol of digital message formats, which rules the exchange of messages between a single network or interconnected computer networks using the Internet Protocol Suite (TCP/IP). These messages are exchanged in the form of datagrams, also known as data packets or just packets.
To transfer data from one computer to another, the data is divided into pieces, the process of which is called packet switching and these divided pieces are called IP Packets Or called Datagram.
The Internet Protocol is the primary protocol in the Internet layer of the Internet Protocol Suite, a set of communication protocols that consists of four abstraction layers: the Link Layer (lowest), the Internet Layer, the Transport layer, and the Appication Layer (the highest).
The main purpose and function of IP is the distribution of addresses from the source host (source computer) to the destination host (receiving computer). To achieve this, IP includes methods and structures for placing tags (address information, which is part of the metadata) within a datatag. The process of putting these tags on the datagram is called encapsulation.
When did the Internet Protocol start: History of Internet Protocol in Hindi
Until the late 1970s, TCP was used for data transfer, which was called “Transmission Control Protocol”. The credit for developing this TCP is given to Winton Cerf. Who later added another additional protocol which we know today as Internet Protocol.
In the Internet we use today, only TCP / IP protocol is used.
Types of Internet Protocols? Types of Internet Protocol
when we Internet When we think about it, we often think of the World Wide Web (www). The web is one of the many ways to get information from the Internet. These different types of Internet connections are known as protocols.
You can use different software applications to access the Internet with each of these protocols, although you probably won’t need them. Many Internet web browsers allow users to access files using most protocols.
The Internet uses many different protocols to communicate across networks. The currently used protocols were developed many years ago. Server And there are different types of web protocols to communicate between clients as follows:
- HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol)
- FTP (File Transfer Protocol)
- Electronic Mail (E-mail) using SMTP or POP or IMAP
#1 Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP)
HTTP is a protocol used to transfer web pages from a web server to a web client. A web client is usually a web browser. Specifically, HTTP is the set of rules required for the exchange of files, such as text, images, videos and multimedia content, across the web.
An essential concept of HTTP is that files contain references to other files, so they are “linked” to each other. Files transferred by HTTP are HTML files and others that HTTP can serve. Web server is often called an HTTP server. Uses Hypertext Transfer Protocol port number: 80.
#2 FTP (File Transfer Protocol)
Web protocols are essential for communication between the client and the server. We have also discussed the HTTP protocol, FTP is another type of web protocol that helps in transferring files from one point to another.
It allows users to transfer files from one computer to another. Using an FTP program, a user can logon to a remote computer, browse through their files, and either download or upload files. These can be any type of file.
#3 Electronic Mail
Electronic mail is also called e-mail protocol. Email protocols include three different protocols.
- SMTP (Simple Mail Transfer Protocol)
- IMAP (Internet Message Access Protocol)
- POP3 (Post Office Protocol 3)
SMTP is a protocol used for sending mail, whereas IMAP and POP3 are used for receiving mail. Almost all Internet Service Providers support all three protocols. However, most email service providers use SMTP to send mail when using POP3.
The best example of Telnet is Team Viewer software. Telnet is an application protocol used over the Internet or local area network. Using this you can remote log in and operate on any other remote computer.
Common Quiz related to Internet Protocol:
What is Internet Protocol?
A rule is used to send data from one computer to another, this “set of rules” is called Internet Protocol.
What are the types of Internet Protocol?
There are many types of Internet protocols, in which HTTP, FTP, Electronic Mail, SMTP, POP, IMAP, Telnet etc. are the main protocols.
When did Internet Protocol start?
In 1974 Winton Cerf and Robert E. Kahn told about this in their research paper.
What is the function of Internet Protocol?
The main purpose of Internet Protocol is to transfer information from one computer to another on the basis of address.
I hope friends, you must have liked the information given in Internet Protocol in Hindi. If something has been missed or if there has been any mistake, then definitely tell in the comment. That information will be corrected with your name.